Aciclovir - Herpes Treatment ( Genital and Cold Sore )
What exactly is Aciclovir?
Aciclovir is a virus-fighting medication. This prevents the virus from reproducing. Taking Aciclovir Tablets as soon as the first symptoms appear is optimal, as the virus reproduces very early in the infection.
Tablets of Aciclovir are utilised to treat genital herpes infections in adults. Genital herpes is a viral infection caused by types 1 or 2 of the herpes simplex virus. Typically, HIV is transmitted via sexual contact. It causes painful blistering and burning or itching around the genitals. Adults who have genital herpes infections are treated with aciclovir. People who experience frequent outbreaks of genital herpes can also take Aciclovir to prevent future outbreaks.
What exactly is suppression therapy?
If you experience six or more outbreaks per year, you may be a candidate for suppression treatment. Everyday suppression treatment helps to prevent recurrent outbreaks by 70 to 80 percent, and can sometimes prevent outbreaks entirely. Studies also indicate that outbreaks are milder and shorter with suppression treatment than without it.
How to take Aciclovir?
Take one pill three times a day for five days to treat an outbreak of genital herpes.
To treat suppression, take one tablet twice daily.
What is the distinction between Aciclovir and Valaciclovir?
Aciclovir is closely related to Valaciclovir. Valaciclovir is a prodrug of aciclovir, which means that it is converted to aciclovir in the body after administration. The benefit of valaciclovir over aciclovir is that it does not need to be taken as frequently, making it easier for the patient to adhere to the regimen. Nevertheless, aciclovir is more economical, particularly for suppression treatment. Equally effective in treating genital herpes are both drugs.
What is Herpes Genital?
Herpes genitalis is a common, highly contagious infection that is typically transmitted through sexual contact. This infection is typically brought on by the herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) or the herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), the virus that causes cold sores.
The majority of cases of genital herpes are caused by type 2 herpes simplex virus infection (HSV-2). Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is the most common cause of fever blisters and cold sores. However, it can also cause genital herpes.
Most people with genital herpes are unaware of their condition. This is because it produces no symptoms or very mild symptoms in the majority of people.
Herpes genitalis is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).
Herpes genitalis is very similar to the herpes that appears on the hands and face (cold sores), but it occurs on or around the penis, anus, or vagina.
Herpes virus comes in two forms, HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both are capable of causing genital herpes. Typically, the initial infection (primary) with genital herpes is quite severe. At the site of infection, there are blisters and inflammation, and the patient may feel generally ill. It is common to experience burning sensations when passing urine.
After the initial episode of HSV infection, the virus enters a dormant phase in the nerve that supplies sensation to the infected area.
The dormant virus periodically reactivates to cause recurrences.
Some people experience symptoms such as itching, tingling, or pain in the genital area before a recurrence; blisters or sores may then develop. These symptoms are typically less severe than those that occurred during the initial infection.
The virus may occasionally reactivate without causing any symptoms of infection.
Who gets Genital Herpes?
Anyone who has sexual contact is susceptible to contracting genital herpes. Those who engage in unprotected sexual activity (i.e., do not use condoms) are at the greatest risk, particularly those with multiple sexual partners and those who frequently switch sexual partners.
How does someone contract Genital Herpes?
Herpes genitalis is transmitted through direct contact with the virus, via unprotected vaginal or anal sex, genital contact, or oral sex with a person who has cold sores.
Genital herpes and cold sores are both highly contagious when blisters or sores are present.
It is possible for an infected individual with no symptoms of infection to transmit the virus. Using condoms would likely reduce the likelihood of this happening.
What Symptoms Does Genital Herpes Cause?
Although you can still transmit the virus, you may never experience symptoms of an HSV infection. On the other hand, you may experience symptoms a few days to a few weeks after the initial exposure. Or, the initial onset of symptoms may not occur until months or even years after infection.
When symptoms appear shortly after infection, they are typically severe. They may begin as small blisters that eventually burst and develop into raw, painful sores that scab and heal within a few weeks. The blisters and sores may be accompanied by influenza-like symptoms, including fever and swollen lymph nodes.
Men and women may experience any of the following symptoms of a genital HSV infection:
Areas around your genitalia that are cracked, raw, or red without pain, itching, or tingling.
Itchiness or tingling in the genital or anal region.
Small blisters that rupture and result in painful wounds. These may be located on or near the genitalia (penis or vagina) or on the buttocks, thighs, or rectal region. Less frequently, blisters may form within the urethra — the tube through which urine exits the body.
Pain from urine passing over the sores is a particular issue for women.
Flu-like symptoms including fever, lymph node enlargement, and fatigue.
How Serious Is Herpes Simplex?
Most individuals with genital herpes experience mild and infrequent symptoms. Some people may experience more frequent and severe recurrent episodes.
The risk of transmission from a mother to her child is greatest for infants born to mothers with a first episode of genital herpes during delivery. Neonatal herpes is potentially fatal but extremely rare in the United Kingdom.
Prior to pregnancy, women with recurrent herpes have a very low risk of transmitting the virus to their babies.
As with all medications, aciclovir should only be taken after carefully weighing the potential benefits and risks with a trained medical professional. It is known that aciclovir can cause side effects.
Common side effects (occurring in at least one person per hundred):
Skin rashes (including increased photosensitivity)
The Patient Information Leaflet provides a complete list of adverse effects.
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